ScrewdriversMost commonly, a screwdriver is a cordless tool that resembles a drill but has a lower RPM and Torque range suitable for smaller screw driving tasks. This type of screwdriver is ideal for the homeowner who needs to hang pictures and perform other light-duty tasks. But the term “screwdriver” can also refer to such tools as a corded auto-feed tool used to quickly screw through drywall or sheetrock or a small cordless tool that resembles a hand screwdriver.Screwdrivers »
Drill DriversA drill driver is your basic cordless drill. It typically has a 3 jaw chuck most of which today are 1/2-in capacity, and is well suited for most normal hole drilling or screw driving through plastics, wood, or metal. Many drill drivers have two speeds for a high and low torque, as well as speed settings in low, medium, and high. Drill drivers typically have a clutch for adjusting the maximum torque to help you avoid stripping out screws. Drill drivers are ideal for light to medium duty tasks around the home or in the workshop.Drill Drivers »
Hammer DrillA hammer drill is exactly the same as the drill driver but with the added feature of a hammer mode. The hammer mode allows the tools chuck to travel back and forth to hammer into the concrete while drilling. Many hammer drills have a hammer mode and a drill only mode for added versatility. The hammering mode is measured in blows per minute (BPM) or impact per minute (IPM). Hammer drills are ideal for drilling through harder surfaces such as concrete.Hammer Drills »
Impact DriverAn impact driver is a tool designed specifically for driving screws. The chuck has a clutch which rapidly releases the torque and then immediately reapplies the torque to the screw making it easier to drive a screw without slipping, spinning, and with much less pressure from the user. Impact drivers often have a 1/4-in hex chuck that takes standard insert tips. Impact drivers can also be fitted with socket drivers making them even more versatile.Impact Drivers »
Now you know what each drill type is how can you be sure you are getting the best one for your needs? First, you need to know what the heaviest application you will be trying to perform will likely be. If you'll be drilling holes in concrete, you should definitely get a hammer drill. However, if you are doing routine work around the house such as hanging a picture, tightening door hinges, or replacing light fixtures; a smaller drill driver will likely do the trick.
Here are a few considerations and suggestions when picking your drill:
1. Will you need to only drill holes in wood and or metal? If so, get a drill driver, they are great for both.
2. Will you need to drill into concrete? If yes, get a hammer drill, perfect for drilling in concrete and switchable for wood and metal as well.
3. Will you only be using this tool for running screws, nut or bolts? In this case an impact would be the best bet. If you are strictly using it for nuts and bolts, an impact wrench would probably be your best option.
4. Will you only be using this tool for occasional light duty repairs around the house? A screwdriver or pocket driver is great for you.
When choosing the best brand and model for your needs, you should consider:
Battery Powered vs. Corded
Battery powered tools provide a cordless solution and are more portable and versatile than corded tools because you don’t have to plug it in and drag around a cord. When it comes to batteries, the higher the voltage, the more output power it will produce and the higher the amp hours (Ah), the longer the runtime. While larger batteries will provide more power and a longer runtime than slim or compact batteries, they will typically add more weight to the tool and be more expensive. Note also, that if you plan to expand your cordless kit later, be sure to get a battery that is compatible with other tools in its series.
Corded drills and impacts are used when you just can’t get the power required from a cordless tool. But with higher voltage, bigger batteries, and better technology, these circumstances are becoming a rarity. So if portability and lack of power source is not an issue, corded tools are just more practical in size, weight, price and power. Not to mention, corded tools don’t need to be charged and provide continuous power for unlimited runtime.
Speed is measured in Revolutions per Minute (RPM) in drills. Faster speeds are ideal for drilling or driving, but in some situations, especially when drilling metal, faster speeds will not work and will only burn up the bits. For metal, depending on the type and thickness, you may only want to drill at speeds of 200 - 600. When drilling through wood, RPM range from 1500 - 1700 is great.
Torque is especially important when driving screws, fastening nuts, or driving bolts or lags. You need enough torque to complete the job. If you want to remove lug nuts from your car, a 12V pocket impact driver is not going to be the right tool for you. Make sure you get a tool with enough torque to complete your task. Again, more torque means more money, so no need to go overboard. Some impact wrenches have over 400 ft-lbs. of torque, but unless you are changing lug nuts on large trucks, you probably don’t need that much. For running 3-in screws and 1/4-in lags or other general purpose work, an impact with 100 ft-lbs. of torque is plenty. For smaller jobs, there are drivers with even lower ratings in the 60 - 70’s.
Impacts per Minute/Beats per Minute
Impacts per Minute (IPM) and Beats per Minute (BPM) are less important factors but still something to consider; too few and your tool will be less efficient or effective
Price is always important and Tyler Tool is here to bring you the best tools at great prices. Be sure to see if the tool you are looking for is available reconditioned to save even more money, while still getting a fantastic tool.
Hopefully, this has helped you narrow down the choices in drills, but know that if you still have any questions, our trained sales staff is available to help you 7 days a week. Just give them a call at 1-866-577-0663.